What is endometriosis? Endometriosis is a disorder that produces dysmenorrhoea (excessive pain) during menstruation due to endometrium tissue growing outside of the uterus. Endometrium tissue normally grows on the surface of the uterus. The endometrium is affected by hormonal changes that cause the menstrual cycle. The endometrium will thicken and then breakdown and produce blood which causes the monthly period. When the endometrium tissue grows on other organs of the pelvic region the same thickening, breakdown and bleeding occurs unfortunately the blood has nowhere to go and causes complications such as severe cramping. Endometriosis falls into the domain of obstetrics and gynecology (What is gynecology?) because it causes pain when not pregnant and it may cause infertility when trying to become pregnant. The gynecologist (what is a gynecologist) is the specialist that diagnoses and treats endometriosis. The gynecologist is usually an obstetrician (what is an obstetrician), so whether you need to treat the endometriosis so that you can still conceive, or not, your obgyn doctor will be able to help. Pelvic pain needs to be assessed by the gynecologist because pelvic pain can also be caused by premenstrual syndrome (what is PMS), ovarian cysts, pelvic pain during pregnancy, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

What is endometriosis? Endometriosis is not the same for all women because where the endometrial tissue is growing and how much is growing is always different from patient to patient. The endometrium tissue may be growing in the ovaries, which is fairly common. Endometriosis is usually located on the organs and tissues of the pelvic area in the majority of women. While pelvic pain is the main symptom other symptoms may occur such as excessive vaginal bleeding, pain during intercourse, infertility, painful urination, and painful bowel movements. There are other symptoms that are generalized such as nausea, diarrhea, bloating, fatigue, and constipation. The above symptoms are also present in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), endometrial cancer, and a prolapsed bladder.

What is endometriosis? Endometriosis needs to be diagnosed by the gynecologist who confirms it with a minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure that looks closely at all of the pelvic organs. It is important for the gynecologist to see where the endometrium tissue is growing, how much there is, if adhesions have stuck organs together, if they have formed cysts, and scar tissue build-up. The following pages will cover: What is endometriosis caused by? What are endometriosis symptoms? What is endometriosis diagnosed with? What is endometriosis treated with? And What is endometriosis surgery? This website is an educational series of websites created by Dr. Simon Weiss and the team at Specialists in Obstetrics and Gynecology. On the right side you will see specific obgyn subjects that each website covers. Some of them include: Giving birth, early pregnancy, high risk pregnancy, labor and delivery, gynecologic oncology, d and c procedure, robotic hysterectomy, what is a hysterectomy, and what is robotic surgery. If you would like to make an appointment you can call (954) 518-4100 or (954) 538-1300. You can also make an appointment for the day and time that fits your schedule right here online. Continue reading to find out “What is endometriosis caused by?”

What is Endometriosis (continued)